People always ask me how I got my start in film festival programming and the answer is volunteering at the Los Angeles Latino International Film Festival. Back in 2006, I was a miserable, zombie-eyed assistant to a Hollywood studio producer the likes of the tyrannical boss in Devil Wears Prada. When LALIFF took place I always looked forward to volunteering whenever I could because that is where I woke up to the multi-cultural flavor, intensity and originality of International Latin American Cinema and became part of the spectrum of saucy Spanish language-accented conversation. I discovered a whole community of young, brown and beautiful Latinos hustling their craft. So I decided to take a leap of faith by pursuing and accepting a short term position as Programming Assistant at the Festival. I willingly accepted the lowly wages, and for the first time entered into the highly stressful and unstable world of the non-profit festival seasonal world, where I still reside. Unlike the white-bread, diluted projects I had written script coverage on over at the studio. I was thrilled to work in a film realm that offered true cultural exchange and offered unique points of view. Back then LALIFF was at its peak as a 14 day filled fiesta of films and events and over 100 features (cut to last year’s 42 features). It was such a memorable sight to see audiences line up past the Egyptian Theatre’s deep courtyard all the way down to the Hollywood Walk of Fame for films like the Colombian blockbuster movie, Soñar No Cuesta Nada, Mexican documentaries like En El Hoyo from established documentary master, Juan Carlos Rulfo, or the emo goth punks who came out for the high octane documentary on Alex Lora frontman for legendary Mexican rock band, El Tri. Screenings were packed and the celebration was epic. I continued to attend the festival in the years following, up until last year’s Quinceañera edition when I was surprised to see someone other than the Festival’s Executive Director, Marlene Dermer introduce films. It was none other than Edward James Olmos himself, aggressively pleading the audience to become a member of the Latino International Film Institute for the sake of sustaining LALIFF. It was a cry for help that seems to have gone unanswered.
Earlier this month, Edward James Olmos announced that LALIFF which had previously announced its dates for a five day fest from August 16-21, would not be returning for its 2012 edition. The announcement which had an almost pre-emptive positive sounding spin and deliberately left out any reason behind canceling simply stated “…the next edition of the Los Angeles Latino International Film Festival (LALIFF) will be in the summer 2013, marking a new era for the organization and the Los Angeles Film Institute (LIFI), the non-profit organization that produces the annual festival. LALIFF will present landmark anniversary screenings and will host membership/networking events.”
In the previous weeks, filmmakers had submitted their precious films and with them the hopes of screening at a festival which may have been their only outlet. A number of films had already been invited and even confirmed. Mere days before their start date, longtime seasonal staff had been notified their job fell through. No doubt such a sudden decision was an extremely painful and difficult to make, of the last resort variety. The abrupt news that the preeminent Latino film festival in the mecca of Hollywood was not happening sent many of us in the latino community reeling. First I was saddened, then alarmed. Other than the LA Times piece titled Fundraising Shortfall causes LA Latino Film Festival Cancellation, I was dissatisfied with minimal coverage in the following days given such a landmark festival was in trouble. I began to reach out to filmmakers, industry, staff and other film festival directors to get reactions and figure out how to rally support. As the story organically shaped into a tribute piece, for me it also naturally stemmed questions like, ‘Why has such an important festival contracted instead of expanded over the years?’, ’Besides making a donation, how can we come together and become the life support it needs right now?’ ”Are the challenges it faces insurmountable or can we rebuild our reputation? ”How do we make a Latino Film Festival commercially viable?” I know, clearly too much to cover in one post but all ideas worth touching on that I hope I can engage you to comment and kickstart dialogue.
Erase una Vez
So the story goes as I’ve been told by old school vets, in 1996 the city of Los Angeles’ cultural commission approached a few high profile and influential Latino Hollywood players like Moctezuma Esparza, (Maya Releasing producer/ exhibitor) and Jerry Velasco (President of Nosotros, the oldest Latino Media advocacy group, and owner of the Ricardo Montalban theatre in Hollywood ), to meet the demand of the Latino population and create a Latino Film Festival. It was Edward James Olmos, who was becoming more and more popular due to his starring roles in such bi-cultural cross over pioneer hits like American Me, Mi Familia, and Selena, who stepped up to lead the charge. Together with Marlene Dermer, who at the time was at Paramount, the two founded LALIFF which in its 15 years of existence has become THE most invaluable and critical platform for Latin American and American Latino talent. As Marlene Dermer puts it, ” LALIFF has nurtured and supported the work of Latino actors, writers, producers, and directors who have gone to become internationally recognized, to work with Hollywood studio films, and have become award-winning filmmakers. Since 1998, the Festival has had over 25,000 LAUSD students participate in their powerful Youth program in which kids are bussed to the Festival to walk the red carpet, be dazzled and inspired by established artists who they can identify with and share their same language. It became an institute, LIFI, in 2005 and one of its goals through the Youth Program is to support younger generations to find a voice in film, to see film as a possibility after graduating from school, and most important promote literacy in our community.”
A festival serves a number of different constituents who are all equally integrated and important, from nurturing audiences, providing acquisition opportunities and talent for industry, and of course the filmmakers who provide the content. Many thanks to the filmmakers who shared with me their experiences and thoughts.
Josefina Lopez (Real Women Have Curves) who has served as a juror at the Festival took the time to send me an email in the middle of shooting her new movie on location to say “I was very sad to hear about the festival not happening this year… It was always a dream of mine to submit a film and have it be the opening night film. I really hope this is only temporary but I have been aware of the tremendous struggle it has been to keep the festival going each year. I really hope it continues soon so when my feature is ready I can make one of my dreams come true and have it screen at LALIFF.” When not making her own films Lopez has established herself as a mentor to many young artists and revitalized a space in East LA, Casa 101 that puts on live theater and she is also the founder of The Boyle Heights Latina Film Festival.
Multi-hypenate (actor/director/producer), Douglas Spain (Star Maps, Resurrection Blvd) actor/producer/director has had several films premiere at LALIFF including a short he directed, ONLINE. “That year”, he says, “I spent everyday at LALIFF and got to know so many talented people which led to fruitful collaborations. I’m Latino and I’ll own up to that. LALIFF owned up to it as well. They created a platform that gave Hollywood an opportunity to see how diverse we Latinos are; How rich our stories are and how financially successful they can be. I guess it wasn’t enough. Funding and support… that’s the real reason this festival isn’t coming back in 2012. When Edward James Olmos asked me become a member and pay the fee, I did it without hesitation. LALIFF 2012 is where we had hoped to premiere our new film Mission Park. To end on a high note, LALIFF had the best freaking parties in town, period. It’s true about us Latinos, we love to have fun especially on set. Whenever we get a chance to celebrate, we are there. LALIFF was a place that brought all of us LA Latino Filmmakers and from the world over together to celebrate great cinema, music, dance and life. I don’t think it’s the end for LALIFF. I’m hoping it won’t be. In September 2012 a new film festival will emerge in Chicago… Mexican Film Festival of the Americas. Mission Park has been invited to premiere there. This goes to show that when one door closes another one opens.
Meanwhile, Alfredo de Villa (Washington Heights) who has had five features and premiered his very first short film at LALIFF reminded me of the vital role of film festivals in general – “Festivals can provide a cultural antidote without alienating its own base….they expose audiences to something different and contribute to a different strain of thinking.” In talking about the overall fragmentation of the Latino population fragmentation he points to the 29% of Latinos living at or below poverty level who are in effect, ‘stranded by the experience as we know it’.” The Mexican American experience of which roots in the US goes backs centuries is vastly different than the Central American wave of the 80s. And so on and so forth. ” We are still defining who we are so how can we become a political force? That is what is missing, the community is all over the place and as filmmakers we’ve been catching up rather then responding or identifying it before it happens.”
Gabriela Tagliavini whose second film, romantic comedy, Ladies Night opened the 2004 Festival, premiered her opera prima, “The Woman Every Man Wants” at LALIFF in 2001. Last year she showed her film, Without Men, which turned out the stars like Eva Longoria and La reina, Kate del Castillo on the red carpet. Gabriela says, “I would have never gotten so much press and exposure if it wasn’t for them (LALIFF), and I live in LA! People that come from all over Latin America with their indie movies in Spanish would never see the day of light. Plus, there’s the networking. Everybody mingles at the courtyard of the Egyptian, meet, compares notes and laugh.They had these lunches at the top studios to introduce the Latino filmmakers. I got to meet the CEO of Warner Brothers, Nina Jacobson when she was at Disney and Mark Gil when he was at Miramax. This is an opportunity that no other film festival does for their community. It’s too bad that my new film “The Mule” staring Sharon Stone which is about Immigration in the Mexican-US border won’t be able to be shown at LALIFF this year. I wonder what’s going to happen to all those other fantastic films that we might never get to see.”
There are many other filmmakers I did not have a chance to connect with who I’m sure would echo the sentiments of the networking and industry opportunities LALIFF has given them on top of the audience reach it provides.
Industria and Networking
Over the years, the industry component and exposure to studios that LALIFF use to facilitate seems to have diminished. It used to serve as a mini-market of sorts with its industry office library of Latin American films which offered studio execs the opportunity to come in and pore over hundreds of titles to consider for acquisition. On the other hand the invaluable hub of networking with one’s peers remains the Festival’s biggest strength and community builder . The collaboration that grows out of those dancing parties has brought countless artists together. Eddie Ruiz, who produced the short film, Mad Doggin was at the Festival last year remarked that while it wasn’t incredibly industry-centric in the way a filmmaker might seek a job for hire, the incredible social aspect of meeting like minded talent re-invigorated him, the audiences gave him a sense of affirmation, and in general he appreciated the environment that encourages the mantra of persistence of vision. and no matter how hard it is, to keep making your films.
Ben Odell, who most recently produced Girl in Progress, and is shooting Aztec Warrior with Luis Guzman, said, ” It’s tragic the thought of losing LALIFF”. Odell tells me that over the years he has met a number of talented directors that he would have never met if not for LALIFF, and many of whom he’s collaborated with like Sebastian Borensztein with whom he wrote and produced the 2010 Mexican thriller, Sin Memoria. He adds, “It’s particularly important to have the Latino festival in LA because it blends mainstream Hollywood, the US Distribution part with talent.” In talking about the big drum that is “Latino” he hinted at the programming challenge of lumping the everything in one category that defies sub-culture, in this case genre and audiences. “How do you fit in Latino art house movies from Peru and Chicano shoot ‘em up movies all under Latino. It’s not the same audience”. I asked him what kind of festival would be most viable as far as getting our Latino talent industry exposure, to which he quickly asserted and used many examples of recent commercial genre films. It’s true, there is an influential big wave of filmmakers from Colombia, Cuba, Central America who grew up with Hollywood blockbusters and now want to make those in their own flavor. It reminds me of Alejandro Brugues the director of Juan of the Dead. One last observation worth mentioning is filmmakers not wanting to pigeonhole themselves as a “Latino filmmaker’. Might this play into the shaky support of some LALIFF filmmaker alumni?
Jerry Velasco, recently awarded NALIP’s Lifetime Achievement Award in Media Advocacy, says that upon hearing the news he immediately reached out to the organizers to say, ‘How can I help? Whatever you need I’m here.” If we let them go we’ll have to wait another four to five years to start another”, the implication that it takes a long time to establish a brand. “Lets help and continue and compliment. We gotta make it work in LA.” “It’s alarming,” he goes on to say, ” I’m worried about it losing momentum. Corporate America should be more conscious. We should support by contributing our contacts, dollars, get together and not let it die out. Let’s create a chain reaction….Think of all of those who LALIFF has touched. It’s alright to say, hey listen the film festal is in trouble. It has brought a lot of joy over the years”. What about some of Hollywood’s leading Latino talent? To them, Jerry challenges them to lend their money and vocal support. We are talking about la J-Lo, Salma Hayek, Eva Longoria etc.
Santa (Saint) Sacrifices made by staff and volunteers
Former staff were kind enough to share their years in the trenches, sometimes off the record, and more than one implied, “I’ve been taught that if you don’t have nothing nice to say, don’t say anything at all (I do not subscribe to that – if it is to motivate change, bring it). I asked the passionate, tireless and multi-tasker producer extraordinaire, Monica Sandoval who’s worked for LALIFF the past six years to share. “LALIFF stands for so many things. It has brought together so many people, so much creativity and so many opportunities. In a city such as L.A., LALIFF has been our flag. I discovered LALIFF as I hit the pavement hard, at full speed, although as a volunteer my first year, I had responsibilities’ like a staff member. I quickly realized this was greatly due to the fact that LALIFF was understaffed. As staff member the following year, I had become part of a hardcore family that spent hours without sleep, inventing innovative ways of using the few resources we had to make the festival as inviting and as extraordinary as possible. There is a lot of hard work and miracles, that go into carrying out this Festival. Then of course, there is LALIFF’s grim reality in regards to it’s core structure. There isn’t a year round team following up and maintaining LALIFF despite the many years its been around. I don’t fully understand why there isn’t a sponsorship coordinator working year-round. There are so many things that can be done throughout the year to maintain LALIFF alive. (on Marlene Dermer) …”I cannot imagine anyone else more passionate, more deserving, more appropriate for carrying out LALIFF than Marlene. BUT because of this, she hasn’t or maybe can’t let anyone else restructure, assist, give input, because this is too personal for her. LALIFF has been her lifelong mission and I truly believe LALIFF would not exist without her. LALIFF is in dire need of restructuring… I believe full heartedly that it was the best thing to do considering the circumstances and that this will ignite a shift in LALIFF’s history. There can only be new and exciting changes in its future. Hopefully people will realize how important LALIFF is and by missing it this year, will be prompted to actively support LALIFF and not just show up to ask to get into free screenings or parties…
Gabriel Sotomayor, a filmmaker and now Director of Programming at the University of Guadalajara use to work closely with Marlene was the only one on staff year round for a couple years. He argued vehemently that we, the community must put in to as much of what we’ve gotten out of LALIFF.
We are all in it together
On top of the love and passion fueled by alumni and staff there is also much goodwill and support from the community of non-profit art organizations at large:
John Cooper, Director of the Sundance Film Festival, which this year premiered two US Latino features, Mosquita y Mari and Filly Brown said, “There is a real value in showing films that represent a broad range of stories and cultures, as well as developing audiences for these films. Coming together as a community with like-minded passion is important and inspiring. We recognize that we are currently in a challenging fundraising climate, and with limited or no support from government agencies, it can be difficult for nonprofit arts organizations to thrive. We send our best wishes to the Latino International Film Institute and hope to see continued programming from the Los Angeles Latino International Film Festival very soon.”
The Egyptian Theatre, home of the American Cinematheque which has served as the dazzling venue for LALIFF nearly every year, also expressed their support. Nancy Winters, director of Special Events said, “LALIFF has been an extraordinary organization to work with and we’ve been very proud to serve as a partner. We are saddened to see the organization struggle however its not unusual to see organizations.” In addition to its cinephile driven film programming, the American Cinematheque works with about 12 film festivals a year and in her 22 years there, Nancy has seen a number of festivals pop up and fade out. Other Latino oriented programming there includes their home grown Spanish Cinema series and The Hollywood Brazillian Film Festival (which Talize Sayegh former LALIFFer who founded four years ago – big mad props querida!)
While calls and emails to Eddie Olmos went unanswered, Marlene Dermer took the time to email me back. “We want people to know that we are regrouping and we are just taking a break from producing the festival this year, and we will return in 2013. We will continue to support Latino filmmakers with special screenings and other events. We will be announcing them on the website, to our members, and to the press when they are scheduled.Our mission is to support Latino films and filmmakers and serve our community, and that will never change even if we don’t celebrate a festival this year. We are positive about our organization, and believe that after 15 years, our community knows that LALIFF has offered audiences the best venue in the city to celebrate Latino films and artistry and in the process we created a cultural event for our community. Many don’t realize that LALIFF, which started in 1997, has expanded to work year-round with Youth Programs, screenings, and Preservation Film programs, among other things. All of these programs need funding, is not about the festival alone. Fundraising has become a challenge for all non-profit organizations regardless of serving Latino or non-Latino communities. We are a non-profit organization, and every contribution, regardless of the amount, helps us continue our mission. People can support us, by becoming a member.
Membership and Sponsorship support
Speaking of Membership. Okay, full disclosure, Up until a few clicks ago I was not a member of the Latino International Film Institute. (You can make a donation here, the festival’s actual membership donation page is wonky). You heard right, here I am, talking the talk, wanting to support the festival and I wasn’t even a member. See the pattern? I don’t doubt that there’s more than a few of you out there like me out there so let’s get it together people. This thing is bigger than us. Membership is from $50 – $500. Cultivating membership and making it worthwhile for folks is critical especially given the demographic the festival appeals to the most, LA’s hip, young starving artists. In talking with Calixto Chinchilla, founder of the West Coast’s big Latino fest, NY Latino Film Festival (which announces programming this week!!) I ask him, ‘Shouldn’t it be easier in this climate to get the support of corporate sponsorship since everyone is itching to tap the Latino market?, to which he immediately says, “It’s hard as hell. The cost of a festival isn’t getting any cheaper. Managing how to spend a decreased budget and sponsorships is more critical than ever and takes lots of savvy. Everyone is downsizing and competition for sponsorship is getting fierce. “It’s like Survivor of the Fittest!”. Activation, deliverables and reports must be stringently met. The NY Latino Film festival which from its inception has benefited from a strong sponsor relationship with HBO is no exception and has also had to scale down some. Calixto added, ”I was sad to find out a big city like LA is in trouble”. He pointed out to San Diego Latino Film Festival, a festival he frequents regularly, which has managed to thrive and applauds Founder and Executive Director, Ethan Van Thillo and Artistic Director, Lisa Franek. ”It takes a while to build a brand”. Calixto offered up the idea of putting together a summit for all Latino Film Festivals. “We should be open to having a dialogue, put aside our egos so we can find a way to have each other’s back. We hall have our best interests in mind and want to see us succeed.” I think its a good time to reflect and think about the future.” I agree wholeheartedly with Calixto. Just like he suggested at NALIP that a junior advisory board would rejuvenate and tap into the pulse of the fresh and younger and younger skewing energy pulse, it’s something to consider for LALIFF too. There’s a whole lot we can learn from the Old Guard and just as much they can learn from us. Why not form a mutually beneficial mix of old and new and spice it up some?
Back to Sponsorship - the other person who flipped the script on my naive thinking (isn’t it easier to get money for Latinos?) was the erudite Moctezuma Esparza. I realized I was asking wrong questions given my lack of historical plays out. Esparza says, ” Sponsorship has changed. Corporate demand is for measurable results. There was a time when sponsors and advertisers were all about impressions; how many people see xyz. The landscape is now changing, sponsorship is tied to Marketing which is tied to Programing. They are looking for direct results, increased sales. That presents a tremendous challenge for a cultural venue. Competition is intense. As a consequence there is a retrenchment in dollars to all kind of organizations. The criteria for allocation is changing.” At yet another point where I, the young kid, was quick to interject because I thought he was going to give one of those crossover success stories from 20 years that’s no longer relevant, he said, ” Twenty five years ago movies like, Born in East LA , Stand and Deliver, Milagro Beanfieled War, La Bamba, every two years these movies were being made, reaching a growing audience. For their cost they turned profits. But only about three filmmakers were making these films and there was not enough support from studios to create a habit for audience, a HABITAT. Structural changes are the challenges. It’s important to have an nuanaced understanding of the forces of nature instead to beating each other up. It’s not useful to say that latinos are not supporting each other.
Esparza who as executive producer has had many films screen at the festival says, “LALIFF has been an invaluable cultural platform that grew every year and seemed to grow in reach and reputation. LALIFF offers two powerful benefits; to filmmakers – access to a market and recognition, and second to audiences – the opportunity and access to extraordinary films not distributed online or in the US home video. ”I look forward to LALIFF’s renewed commitment.”
Let’s be real
Let’s be real though. As important and empowering it is to recognize the milestone achievements of LALIFF, I believe there is value, now more than ever, for the community and especially those familiar with festivals who want to help (moi) to offer constructive feedback where there is room for improvement and to also offer our efforts, mobilize, and shake things up a bit. Not everything can be chalked up to lack of resources, right? What about consistency and leadership? I remember what Calixto said. A smaller budget requires skillful management and a constant shifting of priorities that continue to serve the mission. Then there are other details like, year after year I notice LALIFF does not announce its program until right before the festival. The publicity machinery needs time to massage interest in films most of the the public has never heard about. Also, in Hollywood where there is a vibrant community of arts and multi-media festivals competing for audiences wide scale awareness is key. Right now if you look on the Festival’s website, it still gives you the submission deadline. No indication of the announcement so one might not be able to tell that the Festival has been cancelled. Sure these may sound like details and tiny oversights and I’m not saying that this never happens at other festivals. But the difference here is the unchecked perpetual culmination of these oversights reflect a poor infrastructure. And these are relatively easy fixes that should be priorities because they go a long way. We could and should demand better from our Latino organizations. After all we have to work twice as hard to get ahead.
An active year round presence is required to make a festival grow. Only a couple staff members are year round, if that. That’s an enormously debilitating factor given the scale of the international festival. Who or what do the Board of Directors do? Are they doing all they can to power the festival?
Will the organization embrace and engage with the community on how to revamp the festival? I hope so and will stay optimistic until I see otherwise. Given the injection of new board member, the passionate Luisa Crespo, Executive Director of Academic Senate at UC Irvine, who has lent the festival renewed credibility and has committed to working with Marlene Dermer, I noticed a small but notable impact last year. International Industry maven, Sydney Levine has been an advisory board member for many years. Sought after by many festivals to lend her expertise on distribution and acquisitions, they are lucky to have Sydney’s participation as its immensely beneficial to emerging filmmakers at the festival.
Despite all of its trouble, one thing is clear to me; the audience continues to show up to LALIFF screenings- BECAUSE THERE ARE STILL FEW AND FAR IN BETWEEN VENUES THAT SHOW SPANISH LANGUAGE AND BI-LITERATE PROGRAMMING. And that is why I am renewing my support and commitment to the cause. If I am harsh at pointing out its flaws while applauding its achievements, its only because I want it to be as perfect as possible. I believe LALIFF will only grow strong with a rehaul set by the community.
I implore everyone who has been enriched by the festival to give tribute to the festival’s legacy. Whether they openly admit it or not, LALIFF is in trouble and the call to action is bigger than all of us. I encourage us to speak out and speak LOUD. Let’s tell the organizers what we expect and want from our festival and then help make it happen. While we won’t be seeing new work at the Festival, the organizers are planning a Retrospective program which they will be announcing soon on their website. Follow LALIFF on twitter and like them on Facebook. Share your network of talented peers, make a donation no matter how small, volunteer. Come to the Membership event today, Wednesday, July 25 at L’Scorpion (my favorite Hollywood tequila joint). If you can’t go, make a donation for whatever amount you want. If I can do it and I’m broke as a joke, so can you.